Publications on Blockchain and Smart Legal Contracts

Should you have a book, article or paper published regarding Blockchain technology / smart legal contracts and are willing to share it or to provide information or insights, please, contact us ( We would also appreciate and welcome links to unpublished works or pieces of information about use-cases 

We are building an archive of academic works that may nourish this fascinating field and open debate on the new challenges ahead:  

Please, find hereby some useful bibliography (updated):  

AL KHALIL, Firas, BUTLER, Tom, O´BRIEN, Leona, CECI,Marcelo () “Trust in Smart Contracts is a Process, As Well”. Governance, Risk and Compliance TechnologyCenter. University College Cork.

ATZEI, Nicola, BARTOLETTI, Massimo, CIMOLI, Tiziana,LAUDE, Stefano, ZUNINO, Roberto “SoK: unraveling Bitcoin smart contracts”.Universita degli Studi di Cagliari, Italy.

ATZORI, Marcella (2015) “Blockchain Technology andDecentralized Governance: Is the State Still Necessary?” December, 2015.

BACON, MICHELS et alii (2018) “Blockchain Demystified: A Technical and Legal Introduction to Distributed and Centralised Ledgers”. 25 Rich. J.L. & Tech., no. 1, 2018.

BANASIK, W., DZIEMBOWSKI,  S, MALINOWSKI, D. (2016) “Efficient zero-knowledge contingent payments in cryptocurrencies without scripts” European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, pp. 261 – 208, Springer, 2016.

BBVA (2017) “De Alan Turing al “cyberpunk”: la historia de blockchain”. BBVA, 5 diciembre 2017.

BELLAMY Y HILL, Can the blockchain make our contracts Smarter? 21, 11 Cyberspace Lawyer, NL, 2, Dec. 2016.

BITFURY GROUP (2017) The Bitfury Group and Governmentof Republic of Georgia Expand Historic Blockchain Land. Titling Project.Medium.

BODO, Balázs , GERVAIS, João, QUINTAIS, Pedro (2018)  Blockchain and smart contracts: the missing link in copyright licensing? International Journal of Law and Information Technology, Volume 26, Issue 4, 1 December 2018, Pages 311–336, 25 September 2018.,

BUTERIN, V. () A next-generation smart contract anddecentralized application platform” online.

BUTERIN, V. (2015) “On public and private blockchain”, online.

CCN (2017) Dubai Set to Achieve Goal of Becoming First Blockchain Government by 2020 identity: blockchain. Accenture Consulting.

CHAMBER OF DIGITAL COMMERCE () “Smart Contracts. 12Use cases for Business & Beyond”.

CLACK, BAKSHI AND BRAINE (2017) Smart contract templates: essential requirements and design options, ArXiv eprints, march 2017.

DOLADER, BEL, MUÑOZ (2017) La Blockchain: fundamentos, aplicaciones y relación con trastecnologías disruptivas. Revista de Economía industrial, ISSN 0422-27, pp. 33-40.

DREXL (2018) “Data Access and Control in the Era of Connected Devices”, BEUC, 2018.

DUTCH DIGITAL DELTA (2017) “Introduction to the Dutch blockchain coalition”.

EASTBROOK (1996) “Cyberspace and the Law of the Horse”. University of Chicago. Legal F. 207, p. 208.

ECHEVARRÍA SAENZ (2017) “Contratos electrónicos autoejecutables (smart contract) y pagoscon tecnología blockchain”, Revista deEstudios Europeos, n. 70, jul-dic 2017.

FRANCESCHI  (ed) et alii (2016)  European Contract Law, and the Digital Single Market, Intersentia, 2016.

FRANTZ & NOWOSTAWSKY (2016) “From institutions tocode: Towards automated generation of smart contracts. 2016 IEEE 1st Int. Workshops on Foundations and Applicationsof Self Systems (FAS*W), pp. 210-2015.

GARCÍA MEXÍA () Entes capaces no personales, ¿Hacia una pesonalidad para los robots? and

GONZALEZ MENESES, Entender blockchain. Una introducción a la tecnología de registro distribuido. Aranzadi, Cizur Menor, 2017.

GRAEF et alii (2014) “Putting the right of data portability into a competition law perspective”, 2014;

GRIGG, I. (2017) “On the intersection of Ricardian and Smart Contracts”. February 2017, online.

GRIGG, I. (2004) “Ricardian contract”. Proceedings, First IEEE Int. Workshop on Electronic Contracting, pp. 25-31.

HERT et alii (2017) “The right to data portability in the GDPR: towards user centric interoperatility of digital services”, 34, Computer Law And Security Review 193, pp 94- 196.

HILEMAN, Garrick & RAUCHS, Michel (2017) “Global Blockchain Benchmarking Study”. file:///C:/Users/avilalta/Downloads/SSRN-id3040224.pdf

HOU (2017) The application of blockchain technology in E-government in China, 26th International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, ICCCN 2017,DOI 10.1109/ICCCN.2017.8038519.

IDELBERG, F, GOVERNATORI, G, RIVERET, R, SARTOR, G. (2016) Evaluation of Logic Based Smart contracts for Blockchain Systems, pp.167-183. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

ISDA (2017) Whitepaper Smart Contracts and DistributedLedge – A Legal Perspective. August 2017.

JANAL (2017) “Data Portability, a Tale of two concepts” 8 Journal of Intellectual Property, InformationTechnology and E Commerc, 59, (2017).

KALRA, Sikrit, GOEL, Seep, DHAWARN, Mohan and SHARMA,Subodh (2018) “Zeus, Analyzing Safety of Smart contracts”, Network and DistributedSystems Securiy (INDSS) Symposium, 2018. San Diego, CA, USA.

KEMP (2017) Legal aspects of artificial intelligence,22, 1 Cyberspace Lawyer NL 2, 19, Jan 2017.

KIM, Henry, LASKOWSKi, Marek () “A Perspective on Blockchain Smart Contracts: Reducing Uncertainty and Complexity in ValueExchange”. Blockchain Lab@York. Schulich School of Business, York University,Toronto, Canada.

.KOLBER, Adam J. (2018) “Not-So-Smart Blockchain Contracts and Artificial Responsibility” at 21 STAN. TECH. L. REV. 198 (2018).

KOST DE SEVRES, CHILTON Y COHEN (2016) The blockchainRevolution, Smart contracts and financial transactions. 21, 5, CyberspaceLawyer NL 3, jun 2016.

LAUSLAHTI, Kristian, MATTILA, Juri, SEPPALA, Timo (2017) “smart Contracts –How will Blockchain TechnologyAffect Contractual Practices?” ETLA Reports No 68.

LEGERÉN-MOLINA, Antonio (2018) “Los contratos inteligentesen España. Ladisciplina de los smart contracts”. Revistade Derecho Civil, ISSN 2341–2216, vol. V, núm. 2 (abril–junio, 2018),Estudios, pp. 193-241.

MARINO, B, and JUELS, A (2016) “Setting standards foraltering and undoing smart contracts”, International Symposium on Rules andRule Markup Languages for the Semantic Web, pp. 151-166, Springer, 2016.

MCCORRY,Patrick, HICKS, Alexander, MEIKLEJOHN, Sarah () Smart Contracts for BrigbingMiners. University College London.

MCJOHN &MCJOHN (2017) “The commercial law of bitcoin and blockchain transactions”, 47,2 UCC L.J. art. 4, jul. 2017.

MOUBARAK, FILIOL, CHAMOUN (2017) “Comparative analysis of blockchain technologies and TORnetwork: two faces of the same reality?” 1stCyber Security in Networking Conference (CSNet).

O’SHIELDS (2017) “Smart contracts. Legal agreements for the blockchain”, North Carolina Banking Institute, Volume 21 | Issue 1, 31 jan 2017, article 11.

ORCUTT, Mike(2018) States that are passing laws to govern “Smart contracts” have no ideawhat they’re doing. march, 29, 2018.

PILKINGTON, Marc () “Blockchain Technology: Principles and Applications”. file:///C:/Users /avilalta/Downloads/SSRN-id2662660.pdf

PUTERBAUGH, (2016) The future of contracts: automation,blockchain, and smart contracts. 34, 10 ACC Docket 48, Dec. 2016.

SAVELYEV (2017) “Contract law 2.0: smart contracts asthe beginning of the end of classic contract law”, Information &communications Technology Law, 2017.

SCHILLBEECKX, Simon J.D. & SORIANO, Miguel et alii (2016) “Blockchain and Smart Contracts. Industry Roundtable Discussion Paper”. SMU. The National CFO Institute

SCHUPTER, Florian (2017) Design and Implementation of a Smart Contract Application. University of Zurich, Master Thesis. August, 15, 2017.

SPIELMAN (2016)  Blockchain: Digitally Rebuilding the Real Estate Industry. Thesis.file:///C:/Users/Aura/Downloads/Blockchain_%20Digitally%20Rebuilding%20the%20Real%20Estate%20Industry.pdf

STARK () “Making sense of blockchain smart contracts” online:

SULLIVAN BURGER (2017) E-residency and Law & Security Review. vol. 33, n. 4, pp. 470-481.

SWIRE AND LAGOS (2013) “Why the Right to Data Portability Likely ReducesConsumer Welfare. Antitrust and Privacy Critique” 72, Maryland Law Review, 335, .349, 2013.

TAKANASHI, Koji (2016) “Blockchain Technology and Electronic Bills of Lading” (2016) 22, Journal of International Maritime Law, 202.

TUR FAUNDEZ (2018) Smart contracts. Análisis jurídico. Editorial Reus..

VAN MOORSEI, Aad (2017) “Blockchain Based SmartContracts: a Systematic Mapping Study”. Conference paper, Computer Science & Information Technology (CS &IT), Researchgate, August 2017.

VANBERG (2017) “The right to data portability in the GDPR and EUcompetition Law”, European Journal Of LawAnd Technology, 4, 8 (1).

XZABO () “Formalizing and securing relationships onpublic networks” First Monday, online.

VAN ERP (2016) “Ownership of Digital Assets? J. European Consumer & MKT. I. 73, 74.

VAN ERP (2018) “Ownership of Data: the numerus clausus of legal objects”. Property Rights Conference Journal, Vol. 6:235.

WENDEHORTS, COHEN & WEISE (2017) “Feasibility Study ALI-ELI Principles for a Data Economy”. Fritz Thyssen Stiftung.

WERBACH & CORNELL (2017) “Contracts ex machina”,

WONG (2017) Sweden is turning a blockchain powered land registry into a reality. Quartz.

YAGA, MELL, ROBY, SCARFONE (2018) “Blockchain Technology overview”. NIST US Department of Commerce.

YARBROUGH, KAREN, MIRKOVIC (2017) Blockchain Pilot Program. Final Report. Deputy Recorder of Deeds (Communications/IT) Cook  County, illinois.

YORK ,Henry Davis, MCMILLAN, Matthew and WONG, Ken (2016) “Blockchain and Smart contracts: The dawn of the Internet of Finance?” Communication Law Bulletin, Vol. 35,2,September 2016.ZECH(2016) “Data as a tradable commodity”, European Contract Law, op, cit. pp. 50.


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